By: Laiq Ahmed Atif, President Ahmadiyya Muslim Community, Malta
Some time ago, during a discussion with friend, we came to know of a woman from Australia, who’s sole mission was to unite all mankind at one point. I asked him that does she believe in a single entity, the central focus of the universe, – the Almighty God. If not, then how can she bring together and unite the entire humanity at one single point. Because unity requires a unit, an absolute single central point, extreme oneness, where mankind can be united, and that central unit is the Almighty God. As whole human body depends on its central unit – the heart, the entire mankind depends on the Unity and Oneness of God.
Can a state run when there is more than one leader? Can a human body function with more than one heart? Can a country have more than one capital city? Absolutely not, and any such system cannot be successful and will be a massive disaster. Similarly, there cannot be more than one central point that can unite people besides God Almighty. That is a philosophy and extreme reality that Islam presents when it speaks about the existence, absolute Unity and Oneness of God. The Holy Quran says:
If there had been in them (the heavens and the earth) other gods besides Allah, then surely both would have gone to ruin. Glorified then be Allah, the Lord of the Throne, above what they attribute. (21:23)
Unity means that if God is Unique and One, then in His entire universe such unity will be visible. There will not be any need or presence of anything else, and consequently there will be no classes., So as result, a complete system is present. And in light of this, extreme unity is viable in every aspect of our universe. To believe in more than one Creator, Master or God is a weakness in itself because it shows that the Creator/Master/God couldn’t create the universe on its own and needed the help on another creator. Can the Creator/Master/God, who needed help to create the universe, be the Creator/Master/God of the well organized universe? Can a less powerful God help the weak and vulnerable? No, not at all! A weak and less powerful cannot be the Almighty and Supreme Master of the entire universe. Islam presents the absolute Unity and Oneness of God, the one Most Powerful, All Knowing, Almighty and unique in His attributes. The Holy Quran states:
In the name of Allah, the Gracious, the Merciful. Say, ‘He is Allah, the One; ‘Allah, the Independent and Besought of all. ‘He begets not, nor is He begotten; ‘And there is none like unto Him. (The Holy Quran Chapter 112)
The Holy Quran speaks about unique attributes of the oneness of God, as, ‘“Allah has the power to do all that He wills” (2:21); “Allah is of exceeding bounty” (2:106); “Allah sees all that you do.” (2:111), ‘All Knowing’, ‘Ever Merciful’, ‘Most Powerful’, ‘All Hearing’, etc. it states:
Allah — there is no God but He, the Living, the Self-Subsisting and All-Sustaining. Slumber seizes Him not, nor sleep. To Him belongs whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth. Who is he that will intercede with Him except by His permission? He knows what is before them and what is behind them; and they encompass nothing of His knowledge except what He pleases. His knowledge extends over the heavens and the earth; and the care of them burdens Him not; and He is the High, the Great. (2:256)
Dost thou not know that the kingdom of the heavens and the earth belongs to Allah alone? And there is no protector or helper for you beside Allah. (2:108)
Islam presents such a great and merciful God, that there is none like Him. He is not as some believe that he used to listen and speak to human beings and now He has stopped, nor it presents the God who cannot afford to forgive the sins of His people. He is All Loving; His love for mankind is everlasting and unending. Not only did He speak and guide mankind in the past, but He will always speak and guide mankind in the present and future. Can a loving and caring shepherd ever leave his flock of sheep to go astray or die out of hunger or thirst? Then how can the All-Loving and Most Merciful God can stop speaking and guiding mankind and to let them go astray and to die without spiritual and divine guidance?
The Messiah, Mirza Ghulam Ahmad Qadiani beautifully summarizes the Unity and Oneness of God, and His everlasting attributes, he writes:
The Qur’an teaches that by virtue of His excellences God is One, without associate.He suffers from no defect. He comprehends all good qualities and manifests all holy powers. He is the Originator of all creation and is the fountainhead of all grace. He is the Master of all recompense and everything returns to Him. He is near and yet far, and He is far and yet near. He is above all, but it cannot be said that there is someone below Him. He is more hidden than everything else is but it cannot be said that there is something more manifest than Him. He is Self-Existing in His Being and everything is alive through Him. He is Self-Sustaining and everything is sustained by Him. He supports everything and there is nothing that supports Him. There is nothing that has come into being on its own, or can live without Him on its own. He comprehends everything, but it cannot be said what is the nature of that comprehension. He is the Light of everything in heaven and earth and every light has shone forth from His hand and is a reflection of His Being. He is the Providence of the universe. There is no soul that is not sustained by Him and exists by itself. No soul has any power which it has not obtained from Him and which exists by itself. [Lecture Lahore, Ruhani Khaza’in, Vol. 20, pp. 152-153]
The superiority of Islam lies in this absolute Unity and Oneness of God, with all His attributes; a God who is most Powerful, Mighty and Omnipotent, the Supreme Master and Creator of all other beings. The Messiah, Mirza Ghulam Ahmad Qadiani writes about the beauty of God and appeals to mankind to come, recognise and love the Merciful and Gracious God. He says:
Our paradise lies in our God. Our highest delight is in our God for we have seen Him and have found every beauty in Him. This wealth is worth procuring though one might have to lay down one’s life to procure it. This ruby is worth purchasing though one may have to lose oneself to acquire it. O ye, who are bereft! run to this fountain and it will satisfy you. It is the fountain of life that will save you. What shall I do, and how shall I impress the hearts with this good news, and by beating what drum shall I make the announcement that this is our God, so that people might hear? What remedy shall I apply to the ears of the people so that they should listen? [Kashti Nuh, Ruhani Khaza’in, Vol. 19, pp. 21-22]