The proponent for Islam made a precise and lucid presentation.
The debate and interaction gets better in the second half of the event.
In the first half of the debate, it seems that Prof. Krauss is only irreverent and did not offer rational arguments to make a convincing case for atheism. He chose to start with the silly claim that Islam is one of a thousand religions and all are equally false. Whereas, Islam suggests that all religions have been part of a continuum, until we reach its climax, in Islam.
His emphasis in the first part of his opening speech is about common sense. But, his common sense seems to different from the common sense of theists and appeal to common sense is not a valid argument. He then commits the absurdity of denying deductive arguments, as a species and as there are only two types of arguments deductive and inductive and the former are by far the better, it seems to me that he is proposing chaos or irrationality.
He just seems to be bragging about his knowledge of mathematics and physics rather than talk about the arguments put forward. A simple refutation would be that not all of us are mathematicians or physicists, but there are enough mathematicians and physicists, who are theists.
At many times, in this debate, I am reminded of a verse of the third chapter of the Holy Quran:
He it is Who has sent down to thee the Book; in it there are verses that are decisive in meaning — they are the basis of the Book — and there are others that are susceptible of different interpretations. But those in whose hearts is perversity pursue such thereof as are susceptible of different interpretations, seeking discord and seeking wrong interpretation of it. And none knows its right interpretation except Allah and those who are firmly grounded in knowledge; they say, ‘We believe in it; the whole is from our Lord.’ — And none heed except those gifted with understanding. (Al Quran 3:8)
I invite everyone to comment here about the core of the discussion, mainly about the two arguments that the Muslim debater put forward. Their validity or lack thereof. Discussion about Sharia Law, homosexuality and other red herrings offered in this debate can be discussed another day, in a different post.
Finally, the subjects under discussion are too profound and the human experience in different religious and scientific traditions too extensive, to be covered in one debate. Therefore, for an ongoing dialogue between the Muslims, the Christians and the atheists, we have made this website, Islam for the West. I believe that an ongoing debate between the Christians and the agnostics or the atheists leads to Islam.