Relation between God, His Messengers & Man ~OR~ The Creator & His creation:
God says: [17:71] Indeed, We have honoured the children of Adam, and carried them by land and sea, and given them of good things and exalted them far above many of those whom We have created.
Now, we KNOW bits about God. One thing is for sure that, we are his best creation… 🙂
Well, Next thing now: Who are these Prophets? And, how do we recognize them?
Should we follow them? Follow one of them or all of them? What do you think?
[2:214] Mankind were one community, then they differed among themselves, so Allah raised Prophets as bearers of good tidings and as warners, and sent down with them the Book containing the truth that He might judge between the people wherein they differed. But then they began to differ about the Book, and none differed about it except those to whom it was given, after clear Signs had come to them, out of envy towards one another. Now has Allah, by His command, guided the believers to the truth in regard to which they (the unbelievers) differed; and Allah guides whomsoever He pleases to the right path.
Confused? Allow me to take back you to the time when mankind was created and I will also tell you the answers for the above questions, be assured.
And when thy Lord said to the angels: ‘I am about to place a vicegerent in the earth,’
They said: ‘Wilt Thou place therein such as will cause disorder in it, and shed blood? — and we glorify Thee with Thy praise and extol Thy holiness.’
He answered: ‘I know what you know not.’ [Chapter 2: Verse 31]
A research shows that the humans have been living on this planet since 176,000 years approximately. The archaeological discoveries therefore lead us to believe that humans had inhabited in this world before, actually much before the advent of our generation Adam, approx. 6000 years ago. Now this contradicts the statement of the Bible that Adam was the first man created on earth (Genesis 1:26 to 2:8).
Didn’t I say ‘Few Concepts of the Bible are corrupted’ today?
Much earlier than the above mentioned discoveries became public, The Promised Prophet (pbuh), the re-advent of Jesus, His Holiness Mirza Ghulam Ahmad (as) had said, that:
“We believe in the existence of human race before Adam”. We do not accept that the world began with the birth of ‘this’ Adam (of 6000 years ago) or that before this there was nothing, and God was, as it were idle and without work. Neither do we claim that all mankind are the progeny of the self-same Adam.
On the contrary we hold that this Adam was not the first man on this planet, Earth. Mankind existed even before him, as is hinted by the Quran, in the worlds of the Lord itself, where He says referring to Adam, “I am about to place a vicegerent (Khalifa) in the earth.” Khalifa (Arabic word) means ‘successor’, so it is clear that man existed even before Adam. (Malfooza’at Vol. 10, Page 426).
Muhyud-Din Ibn Arabi, the great Muslim mystic reminds us a saying of the Holy Prophet (Pbuh) that God had brought into being no less than a (100,000) hundred thousand Adams (peace be upon them all) (Futuhat ii, p. 607)
All mankind was created with the patented duty to worship the Lord as the lord says… I have created men so that they should worship me. (Qur’an 51: 57).
We’ll discuss more on this later, please excuse me now. We were to learn the basics right? Let’s begin then.
The Basics: Let’s discuss God, His Prophets, His Books and His Religions in brief.
Bismi-llahi r-rahmani r-rahim [In The Name Of Allah, The Most Gracious, The Ever Merciful]
We already learned a bit about our lord, the only God, didn’t we? If you don’t remember then go back and read it here @ Who/What/Where is God?
Others, please continue.
Nations have risen and fallen, civilizations have flourished and perished, and many cycles of Mankind have appeared and disappeared. And to lead all of these, to show and guide them along the right path, the messengers were sent. God, the One, just wants all mankind to live with peace, so were sent the prophets as messengers of the lord to promote peace.
You see my point? The below will help you understand better. The Qur’an says:
…there is a Guide for every people. (Ch.13:V.8)
…there is no people to whom a Warner has not been sent. (Ch.35:V.25)
Let’s check the definitions:
Prophets: are the chosen ones from the Lord, sent with laws/guidelines to reform the world, bring peace and harmony.
Books: are the laws or the commandments from God (few suited to a particular prophet’s time and one was to last forever).
Religion: is a system of beliefs which includes code of ethics and philosophy of life.
Technically speaking, Prophets can also be called as ‘The giver of glad-tidings and Warnings!’
Let’s see some more references from the Holy Book on Messengers:
[4:166] Messengers, bearers of glad tidings and warners, so that people may have no plea against Allah after the coming of the Messengers. And Allah is Mighty, Wise.
‘The messengers are sent because thy Lord would not destroy the towns unjustly while their people were unwarned.’ (Ch6:V132)
Ch.6:V49-50: And We send not the Messengers but as bearers of glad tidings and as Warners. So those who believe and reform themselves, on them shall come no fear nor shall they grieve. And those who reject Our Signs, punishment will overtake them, because they disobeyed.’
[10:110] And follow that which is revealed to thee and be steadfast until Allah gives His judgment. And He is the Best of judges.
[10:109] Say, ‘O ye men, now has the truth come to you from your Lord. So whosoever follows the guidance, follows it only for the good of his own soul, and whoever errs, errs only against it…’
‘O company of jinn and men! Did not Messengers come to you from among yourselves who related to you My Signs and who warned you of the meeting of this your day?’(Ch6:V131)
Ch.6:V55: And when those, who believe in Our Signs come to thee, say: ‘Peace be unto you! Your Lord has taken it upon Himself to show mercy, so that whoso among you does evil in ignorance and repents thereafter and reforms, then He is Most Forgiving and Merciful. And thus do We expound the Signs that the truth may become manifest and that the way of the sinners may become clear.
And I pray to th e Lord for you:
[40:8] …‘Our Lord, Thou dost comprehend all things in Thy mercy and knowledge. So forgive those who repent and follow Thy way; and protect them from the punishment of Hell.
[40:9] ‘And make them, our Lord, enter the Gardens of Eternity which Thou hast promised them, as well as such of their fathers and their wives and their children as are virtuous. Surely Thou art the Mighty, the Wise.
May peace, mercy and blessings of God be with you, always.
Everything is according to the command of the Lord Almighty, of course.
| May God help you dear reader with His special help in understanding these divine concepts |
Our universe and all that it contains is the creation of Allah, the Wise, the Almighty. He has created everything with a purpose and He has provided all necessary guidance and means to achieve it as well.
He has created man and has made him the chief of His creation. Both good and bad have been made manifestly clear to man. He has also been blessed with wisdom by which he can find out the right path, can sift right from wrong and truth from falsehood. Man has been granted the choice of both selection and action. Hence he is the master of his own destiny.
God who has created us knows well our weaknesses and strength and He has, of His Grace, furnished adequate guidance for us to safeguard ourselves against weaknesses and for fostering strength. Mischief and ruin ensue upon the disregard of that guidance, and its strict and careful observance renders life serene and joyful. The Holy Quran affirms: “Assuredly, We have created man and We know well what assails his mind.” (50:17).
“We created man from a sperm-drop possessing diverse qualities, that We might try him; so We made him hearing and seeing, and We showed him the Way. He is either appreciative and follows it, or is ungrateful and rejects it.” (76:3-4).
In spite of knowing all truth Man chooses to be bad (any deniers?) And, so needs reminders.
Man can’t remember things for long I guess, or maybe it’s so very easy to be bad… isn’t it? Well, whatever.
So God, out of His benevolence raises prophets and sends down His commandments as how should we live, how can we achieve the object of life that is to worship God, and how to be on the path of righteousness to become heirs to paradise and how to avoid becoming inmates of hell and everything that a man could ever encounter in his life.
These prophets have been appearing in every people and in all parts of the world. By ‘appearing’ I do not mean that they ‘appear’ out of thin air or out of nothingness or by magic or are supernatural personalities… No!
Prophets and Messengers are made from among the common lot of people. As says the Qur’an:
And We sent not as Messengers before thee but men to whom We sent revelation, so ask those who possess the Reminder (the Qur’an), if you know not.”
And at another place it adds:
Allah chooses His Messengers from among angels and from among men”
These are specially blessed, but are nothing more than human being in the technical meaning; however, their spiritual statuses are pretty much higher than others. They are to be recognized by their ways of life, their behaviours, their standards & qualities and each is assigned a job and an authority to announce his arrival and as well should explain their mission to others.
Allah says in the Holy Qur’an @ [21:8] And We sent none as Messengers before thee but men to whom We sent revelations. So ask the people of the Reminder, if you know not.
Most commonly the mission of almost all prophets has always been to guide mankind to its Creator, through their example and model and sometimes a new law. The guidance revealed through each prophet is designed to cater for their specific needs of the time and location; hence they are essentially temporary in nature.
With the advancement and maturity of mankind God sent advanced and matured teachings. God’s guidance for this generation which commenced through Adam (pbuh) reached the zenith through the last law-giving prophet Mohammed (peace and blessings of God be upon him) wherein God says in the Holy Qur’an:
… This day have I perfected your religion for you and completed my favor upon you ….” (5:4)
Since the start of time: Generations had lived and died, prophets have come and gone, books were brought and lost… In the coming chapters of this book we will see the stories of previous prophets to know how they all called their people to the One and only God and taught them ways of life.
Every prophet and their people were required to submit to the will of One-God and be obedient to him… this is confirmed through this verse:
[42:14] He has prescribed for you the religion which He enjoined on Noah, and which We have now revealed to thee, and which We enjoined on Abraham and Moses and Jesus, saying, ‘Establish obedience to Allah in the earth…’
However, all of these prophets were not appointed for the whole of mankind but were sent only to their specific people with specific guidelines (laws) to bring reforms in specific habits, beliefs, and way of life of their specific times. Each Prophet sent was made to suit to the location he was appointed. For this very reason, their books were of limited knowledge to be followed for limited periods. These prophets brought the guidance which was appropriate for those specific people and according to their limited capabilities also their laws were revealed in their particular language, as the Qur’an confirms…
[14:5] And We have not sent any Messenger except with the language of his people in order that he might make things clear to them. Then Allah lets go astray whom He wills, and guides whom He wills. And He is the Mighty, the Wise.
Only the concept of ‘Worship-of-One-God’ applied to all people of all times and remained unaltered and it shall never change!
Well, going back to those prophets God had not intended that any of their teachings should continue to the end of the times; so those were tailored only to suit to their specific times. As soon as any generation began forgetting the laws defined by the last prophet, another prophet was sent with improvements to match his time.
Conversely though, approximately 1400 years ago from today Prophet Mohammad (saw) who was called ‘the lead of prophets’ was sent with The Final Religion and The Final Book. These were not limited to time periods or to specific people but were universal in nature and was set to remain unchanged till the end of times. This particular religion was named Islam, its followers were named Muslims by the lord himself and this one religion was destined to remain as the Only one dominant religion till the End of times.
About Prophet Mohammad (saw), the Lord says:
And We have sent thee as a bringer together of all mankind—a bearer of glad tidings and a Warner for all mankind; (34:29-31)
And We have not sent thee but as a mercy for all peoples.
Islam, the religion bought by Mohammad (saw) is not any new religion and, Allah is not a new God. Islam was also the religion of the earlier prophets because it requires complete submission to the will of God and, Allah (Arabic language) is the same one God who is Supreme since time immemorial.
Thus the final revelation of law (rules and conditions) was perfected and completed with the coming of Prophet Mohammad after Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses, Jesus, & and many such others in between who had brought books or commandments which suited their particular times. Prophets are destined to come after Mohammad too to retain peace among mankind but they will still have to follow Mohammad (saw) and his commandments. The Law sent with Mohammad (saw) is to remain till the end of this world and is permanent in nature.
According to one saying of the prophet Mohammed (Hadeeth), the number of prophets who conveyed the message of God to mankind is 124,000. The names of all of them are not mentioned anywhere. However the Holy Quran states in very clear words,
… there are no people (in the world) to whom a Warner has not been sent.” (35:25)
The Quran mentions only twenty-eight prophets by name while the Bible mentions about fifty. Most of the Quranic prophets can be identified with their Biblical counterparts: Adam (as) of the Quran is the Biblical Adam (pbuh), Nuh (as) in the Quran is Noah (pbuh) in the Bible, Ibraheem (as) of the Quran is the Biblical Abraham (pbuh), and so on.
The twenty-eight prophets of the Quran and the bible by name:
Adam (pbuh), Noah/Nuh (pbuh), Abraham/Ibrahim (pbuh), Lot/Lut (pbuh), Ishmael/ Isma’eel (pbuh), Isaac/Ishaq (pbuh), Jacob/Yaqoob (pbuh), Joseph/Yusuf (pbuh), Hud (pbuh), Salih (pbuh), Shuaib/Jethro (pbuh), Moses/Musa (pbuh), Aaron/Haroon (pbuh), David/Da’ood (pbuh), Solomon/Sulaiman (pbuh), Elias/Elijah(pbuh), Jonah/Yūnus (pbuh), Ezekiel (Dhul-Kifl) (pbuh), Daniel/Daniyal (Pbuh), Elisha/Alyasa (pbuh), Idris/Enoch (pbuh), Job/Ayub (pbuh), Zechariah (pbuh), John/Yahya (pbuh), Jesus/Isa (pbuh), Luqman (pbuh), Ezra/Uzair (pbuh), Dhul-Qarnain (pbuh), Mohammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him).
All messengers are prophets but statuses of few are different from others as is clear from the following verse of the Holy Quran,
… These Messengers have We exalted some of them above others; among them there are those to whom Allah spoke; and some of them He exalted in degrees of rank…’ (2:254).
So wherever and to whichever people prophets have been sent, we must hold them in great reverence – they are our prophets as well.
In our daily lives we make decisions on the basis of testimonies. A judge follows the same fashion, so if before us is the testimony of people since the last 6000 years (see below), and all of them have spoken that there is one God, it is not right for us to reject the testimonies of so many credible people of so many different nations and faiths of the world. Agreed?
God is One, just One.
Let me brief you a bit about few Major Prophets since time started ticking for our generation of people: Click to read Stories of the past Major prophets from Bible & Qur’an